Archuleta County, Colorado

Lake Vista, Pagosa Springs, CO

Dear Friends,

I am moving upstream, as the new Planning Manager leading the Archuleta County Development Services—Planning Department in beautiful Pagosa Springs, Colorado.

Archuleta County, population 12,244, is located at 7,000′ elevation in the Rocky Mountains of Southwestern Colorado, west of the Continental Divide on the New Mexico line.  The trout waters of the the San Juan River come together here, just off Wolf Creek Pass, and leave the state in Navajo Reservoir at the unincorporated community of Arboles.  About half of Archuleta County’s 1,350 square miles is Federal land, and an additional 15% of the Southern Ute nation, leaving about 1/3 in private lands.

After a rapid period of growth before the Great Recession (Archuleta County was the 2nd fastest growing county in Colorado at one point), the year-round population has been stable with slight growth.  In addition to ranching and forestry, the Pagosa Spring area is a tourist-oriented economy, with a good deal of seasonal housing… and (love it or hate it) a new Wal-Mart.

As a dedicated Small Town & Rural Planner, I can’t think of a better place to work and live right now.  Thank you to the many friends and colleagues who helped me out with my job search(es) over a sometimes winding route.  The Good Lord works in mysterious ways.

-John Shepard

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Mega-polis Times 10

The U.S. Census Bureau has released current population estimates for U.S. cities and towns.  Their PR:

1 Million Milestone

1 Million Milestone

Ten U.S. Cities Now Have 1 Million People or More

Half the Top 10 Gainers This Year in Texas

San Jose, Calif., is now among the 10 U.S. cities with a population of 1 million or more, according to estimates released today by the U.S. Census Bureau.

California now has three cities with 1 million or more people (Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose), tying Texas (Houston, San Antonio and Dallas) for the lead among states.

When the 2013 estimates were originally released last year, San Jose stood just shy of the 1 million mark. The 2014 population estimates released today show the city passing the 1 million milestone in the updated 2013 estimate. Each year, the Census Bureau revises its time series of previously released estimates going back to the 2010 Census. The updated years in the time series supersede the previously released estimates to reflect additional data used in the population estimates.

New York remained the nation’s most populous city and gained 52,700 people during the year ending July 1, 2014, which is more than any other U.S. city.

Half of the 10 cities with the largest population gains between 2013 and 2014 were in Texas — Houston, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas and Fort Worth. Each added more than 18,000 people. The Lone Star State also had six of the top 13 fastest-growing cities by percentage — San Marcos, Georgetown, Frisco, Conroe, McKinney and New Braunfels.

San Marcos, situated between Austin and San Antonio, was the fastest-growing city for the third consecutive year, with its population climbing 7.9 percent between 2013 and 2014 to reach 58,892.

The West was home to eight cities among the top 15 fastest-growing cities with a population of 50,000 or more. Four were in California. Each of the 15 fastest-growing cities between 2013 and 2014 were in the South or West, as were all but two of top 15 numerical gainers. The lone exception, aside from New York, was Columbus, Ohio, which gained 12,421 people over the period to make it the nation’s 13th largest numerical gainer. Ohio’s capital was the nation’s 15th most populous city in 2014, with 835,957 residents.

The only change in the rank order of the 15 most populous cities between 2013 and 2014 was Jacksonville, Fla., and San Francisco, each moving up one spot to 12th and 13th place, respectively, passing Indianapolis, which fell from 12th to 14th.

The statistics released today cover all local governmental units, including incorporated places (like cities and towns), minor civil divisions (such as townships) and consolidated cities (government units for which the functions of an incorporated place and its parent county have merged).

Full story here.

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Coworking in Southwest Colorado

DurangoSpace, Durango, ColoradoThere’s an awkward time in the life of a startup, when the idea outgrows the garage but maybe isn’t quite ready to commit to anything long-term.  It may be time to graduate, but not yet time to settle down—as an entrepreneur, you want to focus on the project, not real estate.  Enter “Coworking”.

Coworking is a flexible working environment that can provide a variety of spaces and resources, from common office environments and meeting rooms to specialized equipment and networks.  In addition to the new enterprise, coworking can offer a convenient meeting space for the home office professional, and might even provide a relief from the social isolation of going solo.  Where private “executive suites” may offer a desk and a phone, coworking tends to be more of a cooperative, collaborative space—coworking is very much about creating a culture of creativity.

DurangoSpace on Main Street in Durango, Colorado, is a model the City of Aztec, New Mexico, has been looking at adapting for their proposed Aztec Hub project.  DurangoSpace offers flexible daily, weekly, and monthly memberships to use their common office environment with broadband internet connectivity, teleconferencing and small to large meeting rooms.  They also have a waiting list for private offices, offered on contract.  At their recent 4th Anniversary open house, I met an amazing variety of people using the space, from two partners in a software startup networking with a team of engineers in the Ukraine, to an oil & gas worker putting in 10-hour days in the field then coding his startup four hours every afternoon at DurangoSpace.  I also heard about professionals from other Four Corners communities using the office as their touchstone close to the Durango airport, allowing them to live and work in more isolated parts of this mountainous rural region.

The project in Durango is somewhat unique among coworking operations.  They occupy an entrepreneurial middle ground, but keep strong connections with local business incubators, Ft. Lewis College Small Business Development Center, and the Southwest Colorado Accelerator Program for Entrepreneurs (SCAPE), with strong support from Region 9 Economic Development District.  The broadband component is a major draw in Durango, where service in the rest of the community is lagging.  The Main Street location, in the transition between retail hot spots downtown and the traditional neighborhoods of this college town, also provides a variety of restaurants and other 3rd places for creative gatherings and off-site meetings.

Jasper Welch, a co-founder, emphasized with me that flexibility and adapting to local conditions are key to long-term success.  As it is in any organization.

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Jefferson Davis Captured—May 10, 1865

Chas-ed Old Lady of the CSAIrwinville, Georgia

Confederate President Jefferson Davis ran until he could run no more.  Early in the morning on the 10th of May, 1865, the First Wisconsin and First Michigan Union cavalry caught up with the remaining Rebel leadership in camp in Irwin County, Georgia.  Davis had covered himself with his wife’s overcoat in the cold—when captured trying to flee on foot, he set up a perfect picture for the Northern cartoonists of the coward disguising himself as a woman.  The Library of Congress notes:

Confederate president Jefferson Davis’s capture by Union cavalry on May 10, 1865, while allegedly fleeing in women’s clothing, inspired a rash of prints exploiting the tale’s comic possibilities. According to Davis’s autobiography, at the time of his capture he was wearing his wife’s raglan overcoat, which he had mistakenly put on in his haste to leave, and a shawl, which his wife had thrown over his head and shoulders. The Northern press made the most of his “last shift,” transforming the shawl to a bonnet, and sometimes even portraying Davis wearing a hoopskirt and full female dress. Since Davis had apparently tried to escape casually with a black servant carrying water, he was often pictured carrying a water bucket. Another detail added by the cartoonists was a Bowie knife.
Here the artist shows a camp in the woods where Davis, wearing a dress, shawl, and bonnet, and carrying a water bucket labeled “Mom Davis” and a Bowie knife, is accosted by Union soldiers. One Union soldier (center) lifts Davis’s skirt with his saber mocking, “Well, “old mother,” boots and whiskers hardly belong to a high-toned Southern lady.” Davis implores, “I only wish to be let alone.” At right another soldier, speaking in a Germanic accent, says, “Mein Gott, ter “olt mutter” vears ter pig gavalrie poots! . . . ” He may be intended to represent the Norwegian-born tanner who first spotted Davis. The soldier at left exclaims, “Jerusalem! her “old Mother,” hey! Its ld “Leach'” in petticoats–That’s so.” Behind Davis a woman warns, “Do not provoke t̀he President,’ he might hurt some one.” A black youth, presumably Davis’s servant, looks on, exclaiming, “Golly Marse Yank, de old Missus is “done gone” shu-ah! . . .” At far right a waiting Confederate carriage containing barrels of “Whiskey” and “Stolen Gold” is visible. This impression was deposited for copyright on June 5, 1865, less than a month after Davis’s capture.

While Lee’s surrender at Appomattox began the final chapter of the Civil War, and Johnston’s surrender to Sherman in North Carolina closed the book on organized military action, it can be said only Davis’ capture truly ended the Confederacy.  Armed resistance continued in the West through June.  President Andrew Johnson did not formally declare the end of the war until 20 August 1866.

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At the Wilsall Rodeo

Cowboy Poetry Week, April 19-25, 2015, got me nostalgic for the pure American joy I am blessed with living and working in the rural West.  It took me a week longer than Cowboy Poetry Week to dig this back out, but here’s a throwback from Montana Days, my tribute to small town rodeo.

Cheyenne Frontier Days Bull Riding

At the Wilsall Rodeo (2001)

Bucking horse breaks bareback out of the old wooden shoots
And heads for the corral gate now bare of his rider
Who limps away and cowboys up
Like he did last night at Gardiner up the road.

Today is the 48th showing of the Wilsall Rodeo.
Peaceful Shields Valley and Crazy Woman
Mountains framed behind the stock shoots
The very picture of what Montana is supposed to be.

Calf ropers school in the far end of the arena, horses nervous, skittish, pacing
You know Rob Kountz gets his cow but his Mrs. misses hers again
Rope twisting and laughing sudden winds
Link they did last night at Gardiner up the road.

Dust, wind, snow, rain, clouds, shadow, dirt, hay,
manure, beer, chew, too much perfume,
chattering teenagers, the rodeo dance,
former beauty queens who really need to wear more not less anymore.

Young bucks on broncs, off them broncs and bulls,
Steer wresting and steers are winning.
Calf ropin’ calves that don’t care to be roped.
Timer’s horse tears out, rears up, but he keeps his flag
in the air until that cow’s down.

What is the attraction in this internet age?
Man vs. beast? Real danger? See Lane Frost ride again?
Support Americana in Culture Wars?
Or maybe just the annual real life dusty drama unfolding,
Like it did last night at Gardiner up the road.

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The Wilsall Rodeo, sanctioned by the Northern Rodeo Association, will take place 20-21 of June this year.  Gardiner holds their rodeo, also a Northern Rodeo, on 19-20 June.  The season will open with the Conrad Whoop-Up Rodeo 6-7 June, 2015.  I like the local rodeos where you can get right up in the dust on the rail.  Plus they tend to be more affordable than the Pro Rodeo events.

Rob Kountz of Bozeman was Montana Pro Rodeo Federation All-Around Cowboy of 2001.  The summer Pro Rodeo circuit kicks off in Montana with the Bear Paw Roundup 19-20 June, 2015, and Little Belt Rodeo at Belt 20-21.  Lane Frost was a popular PRCA cowboy, who was killed by his bull on 30 July 1989, in the arena at Cheyenne Frontier Days, age 25.

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Diary of Orrin Brown—May 4, 1865

David's Island, New YorkDiary of Orrin Brown, Davids’ Island, New York

Thursday–May 4th

We lay anchor till 10.30 AM when the Hospital Boat Thomas PWay came alongside took us on board and at 11 AM we were on our way for Grant, U. S. Hospital situated on Davids Island 20 miles up east river from N.Y. City. We passed on our trip some of the most beautifull scenery that I ever saw. We arrived at the barracks about 1 PM and found it a very beautifull place and every thing kept in the very best of order. I expect there are representatives here fron nearly every county in the U. S. We have a good comfortable beds and good living, I feel tolerably well today with the exceptions of a slight cold taken on the boat. They are sending men away from here to the City to be discharged every day so I think my turn will come after a while and I will be as patient as possible. I read 5 Chapts. today. I wrote a letter home today.

Davids’ Island is a 78-acre island off the coast of New Rochelle, New York, in Long Island Sound.  The island was leased by the U.S. Army during the Civil War from hotelier Simeon Leland for De Camp General Hospital.  The U.S. Government purchased the island after the war, and later became known as Ft. Slocum.  It served as a recruitment and training center until 1965.  The City of New Rochelle purchased Davids’ Island in 1967.  In 2008, the city demolished the remaining army structures, with plans to turn the island into a park.

Brown - Record of Service Michigan Volunteers 14th RegimentPvt. Brown continues his daily diary for a couple more weeks at the hospital until he is discharged on 23 May 1865.  I will leave his journey here, however.  Orrin will recover enough to go home to Berrien County, Michigan, and return to the sawmill and farm his brother kept going during the last six months.  It must not have been an altogether happy return, as he was soon divorced, though he eventually remarried.  His son Elroy Orrin Brown, born in 1859, married, had three daughters, and died in 1943.  His daughter Rhoda E. Brown, born in 1862, also married and had a daughter and a son, before she passed away in 1894.  Orrin and his second wife raised Rhoda’s children—the daughter, Lucy Marie Pugh, I knew when I was very young.

You can read the entire story here in PDF, as transcribed by my sister, Mary, and I.  Credit to Mary as well for today’s photo from New York.

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Diary of Orrin Brown—May 3, 1865

President Abraham Lincoln's hearse, SpringfieldDiary of Orrin Brown, Off Jersey City, New Jersey

Wednesday–May 3rd

When I first got up this morning I could not see land in any direction but we came in sight of Burgham Poart Light House at 7 AM and have been nearing the coast ever since. We passed the Barneygat Light House at 10.30 AM. We passed the Soldiers Barracks along the coast about a mile in length. We still have a head wind today, but still we are makeing very good time. We passed through the narrows about 5 PM. Ft. Hamilton is on the right and Ft. Richmond and Ft. Jersey Hights on the left as we came in. There is also another ft. on the right that I have not learned the name of. We anchored off Jersey City at 7 PM for the night. After passing through the narrows we had a splendid view of Jersey City, New York City, and Brooklin. We had a very nice time a coming up. I escaped being sea sick although a great many of the men were pretty bad. I feel pretty well with the exception that I have taken some cold. I read 2 Chapt. today.

On the 3rd of May, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln completed his long journey home.  As the Library of Congress exhibit relates:

After thirteen days the train reached Springfield, where the late president lay in state in the Illinois Hall of Representatives in the State Capitol. There, in 1858, as the Republican Party’s nominee for the United States Senate, Lincoln had given his famous “House Divided” speech. More than 75,000 viewed the remains of the slain president.

The next day, on 4 May, Lincoln was buried in a temporary receiving vault, with his son Willie, at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois.  It took three years to complete the tomb we know today.  After Mary Todd Lincoln died in 1882, both bodies were reinterred in a brick vault within the memorial.

Meanwhile, Confederate President Jefferson Davis crossed in Georgia about dawn with five divisions of cavalry, all that was left of the Rebel army.  Confederate Secretary of War (and former U.S. Vice-President) John Breckinridge had promised to pay the remaining Southern troops when they reached Washington, Georgia; but sensing mutiny afoot, he stopped and started handing out silver from the remaining treasury as the army disintegrated.  Davis officially dissolved the Confederate government on the 5th of May.  Breckinridge fled to Cuba on his way to exile in Canada and France, before US President Johnson’s general amnesty on Christmas, 1868.

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Diary of Orrin Brown—May 2, 1865

Lincoln lying in state at the Cook County CourthouseDiary of Orrin Brown, At Sea off the Maryland Shore

Tuesday–May 2nd

I got up this morning and about the first object of note that met my eyes was three of Uncle Sams Monitors two single Turrit and one double. They were quite a curiosity to most of the soldiers. We find the hand on the boat to be very kind to us if they have a piece of soft bread and meat or a cup of coffee left after eating their meals they will give it to some of the sick soldiers and they very often go and get an extra plate full and give to some sick soldier. When any of the sick men happen to get in their way they speak kindly to them instead of ordering them out of the way in snapping snarling terms. And the Capt. of the boat he is a short thick set and very fat man and he is very kind and good natured to the men not afraid to converse with any of us and always ready to answer any question asked by them. And our Surgeon in charge is also very good to us in every respect. We are not crowded but have pleanty of good comfortable quarters on the lower deck, so taking it alltogether we are haveing a very pleasant trip. While they were prepairing to take on coal this morning I went ashore and bought 2 loaves of bread for 15 cts and 1 lb of Butter for 50 cts. After taking on coal, and watter for cooking and drinking we pulled out to sea about 10.30 AM. I went out onto the Hurricane deck and had a good view of the Ft. and of that celebrated millitary prison called the Rip Raps situtated about half or 3/4 of a mile from the Ft. right in the bay or entrance of the roads. We passed Cape Charles about 1 PM. We have had a very nice day but we have had a head win all day, and we have been in sight of land all day but farther out than yesterday. I read 4 Chapts. today.

Abraham Lincoln returned to his home state.  In Chicago, about 125,000 mourners paid their respects at the Cook County Courthouse.  While Chicago was incorporated in 1837, there were only 112,000 residents counted in the Census of 1860.  The population of the city proper peaked in 1950 at 3,620,000.

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Diary of Orrin Brown—May 1, 1865

Funeral Car at Columbus, OhioDiary of Orrin Brown, off Hampton Roads, Virginia

Monday–May 1st

When I got up this morning I found myself in sight of Ft. Clark on Hattarass Inlett. The boat just haulted long enough for the Pilot to land and then we pulled out onto the broad Atlantic,there was quite a thunderstorm came up about 8 AM but it did not last but a short time and then faired off again. We passed Cape Hatterass about 8 AM and kept within from one to two miles of the coast all day. The sea was quite boistrous just after the storm for an hour or two and toward night the wind raised again which made it a little rough till we stoped in the Hamton roades on the west of Ft. Monroe about 11 PM they cast anchor for the night. I read 4 Chapts. today.

Hampton Roads is one of the world’s largest natural harbors, at the mouth of the James River on the Tidewater of Chesapeake Bay.  “Hampton” refers to the Earl of Southampton. “Roads” refers not to a highway or crossroads, but to the term “roadstead” indicating the safety of  port.  Who knew?

Meanwhile, Abraham Lincoln’s Funeral Train continued its long journey home.  On 29 April, 50,000 people viewed the president at Columbus, Ohio, followed by 100,000 mourners at Indianapolis the next day.  On the first of May, 1865, the train reached Chicago.

Thank you for following along with Pvt. Orrin O. Brown as he marched through Georgia and the Carolinas with Gen. William T. Sherman.  His war is over and recovery begun, now parted ways with the good general and the rest of the 14th Michigan volunteers, who were on the march again, this time to Richmond, Washington, DC, and then home.  We shall, however, follow my ancestor’s journey a few days more.

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Diary of Orrin Brown—April 30, 1865

USS UnadillaDiary of Orrin Brown, off Cape Hattteras, North Carolina.

Sunday–Apr. 30th

We had quite a shower of rain in the night but it came off pleasant this morning. Those men that were examined yesterday were sent off this PM myselfe with the rest. We got aboard of the ocean steamer Kennebeck at the city of Newberne N. C. at about 7 PM and we left the dock at 9 PM and had a very nice still time. I read 6 Chapts. today. I begin to feel a little better.

The USS Kennebec that served in the Civil War was an Unadilla-class gunboat launched in 1861.  The ship displaced 691 tons, and was 158′ long by 28′ wide, with two steam engines and two-mast schooner sails.  Armament included an 11″ Dahlgren smoothbore, two 24 pound smoothbore cannon and two 20 pound Parrot rifles.  The Kennebec served Admiral David Farragut’s blockade off the Gulf Coast and up the Mississippi River, seeing action at Vicksburg and Mobile.  It was reported the Unadilla-class ships sailed well in a strong wind, but rolled badly.  At this time, the Kennebec was under command of LCDR Trivet Abbot.  The gunboat was decommissioned at Boston Navy Yard 9 August 1865.

During World War II, the Kennebec-class oiler ships included 16 U.S. Navy medium oilers in three related designs, some of which are sill in commercial service.  In 1942, the name USS Kennebec (AO-36) was given to the SS Corsicana, built in 1939.  The ship was decommissioned four times before being scrapped in 1982.

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